Higher education opportunities in Ukraine (Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute) to the attention of foreign prospective and current students
Higher education opportunities in Ukraine (Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute) to the attention of foreign prospective and current students
Established in 1898 the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute (Igor Sikorsky KPI) – is one of the oldest technical university of Ukraine, Europe and world.
At present, Igor Sikorsky KPI is a national autonomous state higher education institution of research type.
Center for International Education (CIE) of the Igor Sikorsky KPI is a structural unit of the University for work with foreigners and stateless persons, which carries out recruitment, legalization of stay in Ukraine, accommodation in hostels of the university, preparation of foreigners and stateless persons for entry into higher educational establishments of Ukraine, and also accompanies the educational process in Igor Sikorsky KPI at all educational levels: Bachelor, Master, Ph.D., Doctor of Science (D.Sc.). The CIE also organizes and provides improvement courses, retraining, trainings, internships for foreigners and stateless persons in the structural units of the Igor Sikorsky KPI. Upon completion of foreign studies at the university, CIE issues a diploma or certificate in the European model.
All educational activity of the Igor Sikorsky KPI concerning foreign students is carried out on the basis of existing normative documents that regulate the entry of foreigners to Ukraine for the purpose of studying, their stay in Ukraine and departure to their homeland. Admission of foreign citizens to study is carried out on the basis of international treaties of Ukraine, national programs, agreements between the university and legal and natural persons, which ensures the stay of foreigners and stateless persons in Ukraine legally. CIE is engaged in registration and issuance of invitations for foreign citizens to study at the Preparatory Department; under the Bachelor’s, Master’s degree programs; as well as for postgraduate and doctoral studies. Foreign nationals who have received a basic or full higher education abroad and have expressed a desire to continue their studies at the Igor Sikorsky KPI in Ukrainian or other languages, enter the Preparatory department for the study of the language and necessarily undergo the procedure of nostrification of documents on the acquired educational and qualification level, which is conducted by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in due course. This procedure is carried out during the first year of study.
Information support of activity at the Igor Sikorsky KPI (structure, licenses and certificates of accreditation, educational / educational-scientific / publishing / certification (scientific workers) activity, samples of documents on education, conditions for accessibility of persons with disabilities and other low-mobility groups to the premises, educational and scientific structural units and their composition, list of courses, admission rules, contact information) is available from the official website of the University: https://kpi.ua/. All contacts and necessary information for foreigners and stateless persons regarding admission rules, conditions of residence and study, registration procedures, medical care of foreign nationals, extra-curricular work and leisure are available on the CIE website: http://www.istudent.kpi.ua (in Ukrainian, English, Russian, Arabic, Turkish and Chinese languages).
On the occasion of their 10th anniversary, hromadske has announced an exclusive conference on rebuilding Ukraine, “BUILDING ALREADY!,” with their main partner NATO
On the occasion of their 10th anniversary, hromadske has announced an exclusive conference on rebuilding Ukraine, “BUILDING ALREADY!,” with their main partner NATO.
On June 7, experts and opinion leaders will discuss the new reality that awaits both us and the world after the war; life after victory, and what challenges to prepare for.
100% of the funds from the sale of tickets will be transferred through UNITED24 to the Rebuild Ukraine direction.
You can participate in the conference, here: https://prt.mn/rvazXO5064
Office work – how to organize a safe workplace
The Constitution of Ukraine guarantees everyone the right to proper, safe and healthy working conditions.
Unfortunately, employers often look for ways to save in order to minimize the cost of providing acceptable working conditions. Working in offices located in basements, warehouses, cramped, poorly lit and poorly ventilated areas is not uncommon for today’s office workers.
However, the employee must work as efficiently and responsibly. Safe working conditions are not only a guarantee of comfortable existence of employees within the office, but first of all – their health and ability to work, and hence the profitability of the enterprise.
When organizing the work of an office worker it is necessary to pay attention to:
– organization and equipment of the workplace;
– safety when working with a personal computer;
– noise and vibration levels;
– electrical safety;
– mode of work and rest.
At first glance, working conditions in the workplace of office workers exclude the impact of dangerous and harmful factors on workers. Is that really so?
The main risk factors that await an employee in the office are primarily related to a sedentary lifestyle. This in turn provokes serious chronic diseases.
The office worker needs to remember that sitting is harmful. Lack of exercise is the greatest damage to health. Ten years in an office chair can increase the risk of colon and rectal cancer by 44%, and those who spend more than 9 hours a day at work are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Back and neck pain, osteochondrosis, visual disturbances, headache, dizziness – echoes of a sedentary lifestyle.
Ergonomic indicators of the workplace are also important. Awkward posture at the table leads to the formation of areas of muscle tension and spasms. The result is back and neck pain, tension and migraines. This means that the size of the chair and table are directly related to how comfortable you will be working.
Another significant problem is neurological diseases.
Continuous work on the computer is a threat to the eyes. Whether you wear glasses or not, you blink at your computer about 5 times less often than usual. As a result, dry eye syndrome develops. It manifests itself in the desire to rub the eyes, cuts, discomfort and burning.
What shall I do? It is necessary to adhere to the regime of rest and work. Take 5-10 minute breaks from the monitor every hour, do a little warm-up for both muscles and eyes. At lunch, go for a leisurely walk. Don’t forget to exercise at home or visit the pool. Eat right and maintain water balance.
Dear employees, we must not forget that your health is first and foremost your personal responsibility. Take care of yourself and remember – everyone deserves safe and healthy working conditions!
The requirements for the examination of the state of labor protection and safety of industrial production have been changed
In the Official Gazette of Ukraine № 10 of February 4, 2022, the orders of the Ministry of Economy, developed by the State Labor Office, were published, in particular:
– Order of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine of January 6, 2022 № 34-22 “On approval of Requirements to expert organizations that intend to perform (perform) examination of labor protection and safety of industrial production and compliance of machines, mechanisms, high risk equipment with the legislation on labor protection and industrial safety “, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on February 1, 2022 under № 118/37454, the effective date of which is April 1, 2022;
– Order of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine of December 31, 2021 № 1191-21 “On approval of forms of expert opinions”, registered in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine on February 1, 2022 on № 119/37455, effective on February 4, 2022 and which, in its in turn, approved, developed by the State Labor Office, forms of expert opinions on the state of labor protection and safety of industrial production, as well as provides for their signing and approval by electronic signatures from March 1, 2022.
Current requirements for expert organizations and existing Forms of expert opinions contain general provisions on the activities of expert organizations, do not provide for the reflection of any information on the actual state of labor protection in the expert opinions and in fact do not provide for control over compliance with established requirements, resulting in frequent cases of falsification by individual businesses: forgery of expert opinions, expert opinions by organizations that are not accredited to carry out this activity, and often a completely formal approach to expertise.
Instead, the updated Requirements for expert organizations and the updated Forms of Opinions provide for a number of significant innovations, including, in particular, the obligation to provide expert organizations to the State Labor: information on the scope of accreditation of expert organizations; information on staffing and changes in the composition of technical experts; copies of approved expert opinions, which will contain comprehensive information on the state of labor protection of the enterprise intending to obtain a permit (information on training on labor protection, medical examinations, laboratory tests of working conditions, certification of workplaces, information on production equipment, etc.) .
The changes will establish a single procedure for informing, form an information base of approved expert opinions, prevent abuse and promote transparency of expert activities, and the deadline for entry into force will allow expert organizations to adapt to the approved changes.
Currently, the State Labor Inspectorate is working to revise the application form for a permit and, in fact, the permit form itself, in order to introduce the possibility of issuing permits for work / operation of high-risk equipment in electronic form.
In general, these changes do not impose any additional requirements for employers, however, due to the standardization of the work of expert organizations allow to ensure the issuance of permits in electronic form.
The Confederation of Employers has proposed changes to the system of organizing and conducting training on occupational safety
The Confederation of Employers of Ukraine appealed to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine with an initiative to amend the Standard Regulations on the Procedure for Training and Testing of Knowledge on Occupational Safety.
Among the main changes to the Model Regulations it is proposed to provide:
- granting the right to training centers to form commissions to test knowledge on security issues;
- a detailed procedure for the formation of a commission to test knowledge on occupational safety to exclude the possibility of abuse by members of the commission;
- a detailed procedure for assessing knowledge in the field of occupational safety and health, which will eliminate ambiguities and excessive freedom in decision-making inherent in the existing process, in particular regarding permitted exam tickets, additional questions and the threshold for passing the exam;
- development and implementation of certification of competence and quality management in educational institutions and training centers, which would not allow unscrupulous market participants, for example, introduce a requirement confirming their compliance with generally accepted international standards (this will keep only real companies providing standardized training services, not formal, without actual training).
Research Center for Energy-Saving Pulse-Wave Structures and Training Systems Technologies IEE
Activities of the Center in 2022
In the field of educational and teaching activities:
- During the year:
– Submission of proposals for the formation of current topics of EGW, course and diploma projects and ideas of startups;
– providing technical training, based on previous international agreements, to perform laboratory work in the educational process.
- Development and implementation in the educational process of two test computer programs (TCP) on the technology of “TCP student analysis and assessment of knowledge”. Deadline: 20.05.22.
In the field of educational and organizational component:
- Involvement of students, undergraduates and graduate students in the Center with the formation of current topics and research.
In the field of scientific and scientific-organizational component:
- Cooperation with the scientific group IEE-10 and the Department of Innovation and Technology Transfer of NTUU “KPI. Igor Sikorsky ”in preparation for the sale of two licenses:“ Two-stream jet pump for cleaning the bottom hole zone of the oil well ”,“ Adaptive implosion pulse generator to increase hydrocarbon production ”based on the results of previous international and economic agreements productions. Deadline: 30.11.22.
- Submission of proposals to the Department of Automation of Electrical and Mechatronic Complexes (hereinafter – AEMC) on the formation of current state budget issues. Deadline 30.05.22
- During the year:
– conducting research work with students and graduate students, taking into account the practical work of the Center in industry with the publication of 6 articles, submission of applications for intellectual property and participation in scientific conferences;
– implementation of organizational and methodological measures to increase the citation of scientific papers of employees of the Department of AEMC, expanding the presence of their scientific publications in journals and conference proceedings included in international scientometric databases (Scopus, Web of Science, etc.);
– Carrying out of initiative researches and development of designs of recuperative elements of mechatronic complexes and working projects in CAD for the purpose of the conclusion of new economic contracts.
In the field of information and advisory component activities (during the year):
- Providing advice on improving the quality of RGR, course and diploma projects.
- Establishment and maintenance of consultative and informational relations with structural subdivisions of the University, as well as with the scientific laboratory of thermomolecular energy IEE.
- Maintaining creative ties with the institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (MS Polyakov Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics, Institute of Electrodynamics), the state enterprise “State Kyiv Design Bureau” Luch”, JSC” Motor Sich “.
- Assistance in professional development of scientific and pedagogical workers and employment of graduates;
- Explanatory work among entrants and assistance to the introductory campaign.
Director of the Center, Doctor of Technical Sciences Slidenko V.M.
Rules of work in yellow and red levels of epidemiological danger
Until March 31, 2022, quarantine is in force in Ukraine. From September 23, 2021, the State Commission for Energy and Emergency Situations established a yellow level of epidemic danger of the spread of Covid-19 in all regions of Ukraine.
Within the yellow level it is forbidden:
– visiting educational institutions, if more than 50% of students and staff are in isolation;
– the work of educational institutions in which less than 100% of staff are vaccinated;
– holding mass events;
– work of cinemas, theaters and other cultural institutions;
– work of public catering establishments (except for delivery and delivery);
– work of gyms, pools;
– activities of accommodation establishments (except hotels, sanatoriums and social establishments);
– interregional and international transportation.
Restrictions provided for in the yellow level will not apply if all employees and visitors have one of the documents:
– “yellow” COVID-certificate or paper certificate № 063 / о (valid for 30 days);
– “green” COVID-certificate (valid for 365 days);
– International Vaccination Certificate (valid for 365 days);
– foreign COVID-certificate on vaccination with vaccines approved by the WHO (valid for 365 days);
– negative PCR result or rapid test for antigen (valid for 72 hours);
– Certificate of recovery from COVID-19 (valid for 105 days from the date of diagnosis).
That is, to work and visit institutions at the yellow level, it is enough to get at least one vaccination and have at least a “yellow” internal COVID-certificate or a temporary certificate 063 / o issued by the doctor who performed the vaccination.
The validity of the “yellow” certificate is 30 days. It used to be valid for 120 days. It will be recalled that the minimum possible intervals for vaccine doses are: Comirnaty / Pfizer-BioNTech – 21 days, Moderna – 28 days, CoronaVac / Sinovac Biotech – 14 days, Oxford / AstraZeneca – 28 days.
The red level of epidemic danger imposes a number of restrictions that are being introduced in the region. In particular, it is prohibited:
– work of public catering establishments, except for targeted delivery and takeaway orders;
– work of shopping malls and other entertainment establishments, cinemas, theaters, etc .;
– work of educational institutions, except for kindergartens and primary schools;
– operation of non-food markets and shops, gyms, swimming pools and fitness centers;
– holding mass events;
– work of cultural institutions, in addition to historical and cultural reserves, filming and filming.
It is important that these restrictions will not apply in cases where 100% of employees (organizers) and visitors (participants) of these institutions (events) will be fully immunized and will have a “green” COVID-certificate, a negative result of PCR testing or rapid testing for antigen (valid for 72 hours) or a certificate of recovery.
The “Yellow” COVID-certificate will not be valid for work and visits to public institutions at the red level of epidemiological danger.
In addition, the following rules remain in force for all levels of epidemic danger:
the work of educational institutions is prohibited if more than 50% of students and employees are in self-isolation;
it is forbidden to be on the streets without identity documents;
it is forbidden to leave the place of self-isolation or observation without permission.
These rules are not revoked even if COVID documents are available.
The work of banks, gas stations, veterinary shops, pharmacies and all grocery stores at the red level is not limited, but compliance with anti-epidemic rules remains mandatory.
At the same time, starting from the orange (signal) level, local authorities may take additional measures to strengthen anti-epidemic rules in the region.
The decision to abolish the red level is made by the State Commission for Technological and Environmental Safety and Emergencies in the event that the region achieves indicators that characterize the absence of signs that would correspond to the specified level.
What normative act defines the procedure for organizing medical examinations of employees working in conditions of harmful production factors?
The need for medical examinations of employees working in conditions of harmful production factors is determined by current legislation of Ukraine, including: Art. 169 of the Labor Code of Ukraine and Art. 17 of the Law of Ukraine “On labor protection”.
The procedure for organizing and conducting such medical examinations, determined by the order “On approval of the Procedure for conducting medical examinations of certain categories of workers” from 21.05.2007 № 246.
Conducting medical examinations of employees in 2022
In accordance with the requirements of the Procedure for medical examinations of certain categories of workers, approved by the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated 21.05.2007 № 246 work is underway to determine the category of workers subject to preliminary (periodic) medical examinations in 2022.
The procedure for medical examinations of workers engaged in heavy work, work with harmful or dangerous working conditions or those where there is a need for professional selection and persons under 21 years of age is determined by the Procedure for medical examinations of certain categories approved by order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine from 21.05.2007 № 246.
The employer or his representative must submit to the Main Department of State Labor an application to determine the categories of employees subject to medical examination in 2022.
The following is attached to the application:
staff list or statement with a list of structural units and all professions;
data of laboratory researches of working conditions on all trades with definition of all harmful and dangerous factors of production environment and labor process on concrete workplaces of workers according to hygienic classification of work on indicators of harmfulness and danger of factors of production environment, weight and intensity of labor process.
After reviewing the submitted documents by an occupational health specialist with the participation of a representative of the primary trade union organization or a person authorized by the employees, an Act determining the category of employees subject to preliminary (periodic) medical examinations (hereinafter – the Act) in 2022.
The Act includes data on harmful and dangerous factors of the production environment and labor process and data on work for which a preliminary (periodic) medical examination is mandatory.
At the time of hiring, as well as in the case of transfer to another job, the employer must issue a referral to the employee for a mandatory preliminary medical examination in the prescribed form. The direction must specify the characteristics of the working conditions of the worker. In turn, information on the characteristics of working conditions for each profession is contained only in the Act.
On the basis of the Act, the employer compiles four copies of personal lists of employees subject to periodic medical examinations in 2022 (hereinafter – the List) within a month and agrees with a specialist in the department of occupational health. One copy of the List remains at the enterprise, the second is provided to the health care institution for medical examination of employees, the third is provided to the Department of Occupational Health of the Main Department of the State Labor, the fourth to the working body of the Social Insurance Fund of Ukraine.
Then the employer enters into an agreement on medical examination only with the health care institution that has the second, first or higher accreditation category, a license to practice medicine, which has a commission for medical examinations (hereinafter – the Commission), and doctors are trained on occupational pathology.
The health care institution draws up a schedule of medical examination of employees of the enterprise and coordinates it with the employer and the territorial institution of the State Labor Service..
The employer must ensure timely and organized attendance of employees for medical examination and examination.
Based on the results of periodic medical examinations (within a month after their completion), the Commission of the health care institution draws up a Final Act on the results of periodic medical examinations of employees (hereinafter – the Final Act), which consists of six copies – one copy remains in the health care facility. the medical examination, others are provided to the employer, the representative of the trade union organization or the person authorized by the employees, the territorial body of the State Labor Service, the working body of the executive directorate of the Fund, the occupational pathologist.
Specialists of the Department of Occupational Health during the signing of the Final Act provide recommendations for improving working conditions and prevention of occupational diseases, which are mandatory. When signing the Final Act, the employer provides information on the implementation of the measures proposed in the Final Act for the previous year and information on persons who did not pass the medical examination and the reasons why they did not pass the medical examination.
According to Article 17 of the Law of Ukraine “On labor protection”, paragraph 3.9 of the Procedure for medical examinations of certain categories of employees, approved by the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine from 21.05.2007 № 246, the employer has the right to engage an evading employee from mandatory medical examination to disciplinary liability, and is obliged to remove him from work without pay.
State Labor Reform: The government abolished the main departments in all regions
On January 12, 2022, at a regular meeting, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine decided to reform the regional structure of the State Labor Service by establishing interregional departments, whose jurisdiction will extend to several oblasts.
Reducing the number of territorial offices and ensuring the possibility of exercising the powers of inspectors on an interregional basis will optimize the number of administrative staff and free up additional resources to increase the efficiency of the body as a whole.
“Today’s decision of the Government will increase the efficiency of the service and its transparency. In particular, more resources will be focused on the implementation of the direct functions of the State Labor Service with the concentration of inspection staff depending on operational tasks. For example, if there is a shortage of inspectors in one region, we can promptly send specialists from another region. Thus, it is possible to increase both the inspection staff and the payroll. We already have a similar experience: Kyiv and Kyiv regions, as well as Luhansk and Donetsk regions are united in one territorial administration, ”said Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine Ihor Dyadyura.
The document provides for the liquidation of regional territorial offices and the formation of new interregional territorial bodies of the State Labor:
1.Western Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Volyn, Rivne, Lviv, Zakarpattia regions);
2.South-Western Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Ternopil, Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernivtsi regions);
3.Central-Western Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Zhytomyr, Khmelnytsky, Vinnytsia regions);
4.Central Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Chernihiv, Kyiv, Cherkasy regions, Kyiv);
5.North-Eastern Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Sumy, Poltava, Kharkiv regions);
6.South-Eastern Interregional Department of the State Labor Service (Kirovohrad, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia regions);
7.Southern interregional department of the State Labor Service (Odessa, Mykolaiv, Kherson regions).
8th International Conference «Energy Smart Systems – 2022»
8th International Conference «Energy Smart Systems – 2022» is devoted to scientific, technical and economic problems of building of Energy Smart Systems – Smart Grid, which play an increasingly important role in improving energy efficiency across the country.
Conference «Energy Smart Systems – 2022» is an international forum where academicians and industrial professionals will share new experience and researches results in the area of construction and operation of Energy Smart Systems.
The norm of working hours for employees
The normal working hours of employees may not exceed 40 hours per week.
Enterprises and organizations may set a lower working time rate when concluding a collective agreement.
Reduced working hours are set:
1) for employees aged 16 to 18 – 36 hours per week, for persons aged 15 to 16 (students aged 14 to 15 who work during the holidays) – 24 hours per week.
The working hours of students who work during the school year in their free time may not exceed half of the maximum working hours provided for in the first paragraph of this paragraph for persons of the appropriate age;
2) for employees engaged in work with harmful working conditions – no more than 36 hours per week.
The list of industries, shops, professions and positions with harmful working conditions, work in which gives the right to reduced working hours, is approved in the manner prescribed by law.
In addition, the legislation establishes reduced working hours for certain categories of employees (teachers, doctors and others).
Reduced working hours may be established at the expense of enterprises, institutions, organizations for employees with children under the age of fourteen or a child with disabilities, as well as for single mothers and parents raising a child without a father (mother), including in the case of a long stay of the mother in a hospital.
How is the disease linked to workers’ working conditions?
The procedure for detecting an employee’s suspicion of an occupational disease, establishing and confirming an occupational disease, as well as the forms of relevant documents defined and approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On Approval of the Procedure for Investigation and Accounting of Accidents, Occupational Diseases and Accidents at Work” of April 17, 2019 № 337.
In case of suspicion that the employee has a chronic occupational disease (poisoning) in order to diagnose the sanitary and hygienic characteristics of working conditions.
Sanitary and hygienic characteristics are made by the occupational health doctor of the territorial body of the State Labor at the actual location of the enterprise (institution, organization) where the patient works, at the request of the head of the health care institution providing secondary (specialized) medical care, at the request of occupational pathologist .
The disease is classified as chronic occupational in accordance with the procedure for linking the disease to working conditions, in accordance with the above Procedure and List of Occupational Diseases, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On Approval of Occupational Diseases” of November 8, 2000 № 1662.
The key role of Occupational Health and safety in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic
On December 13, 2021, a week-long online course organized by the International Labor Organization, “The key role of Occupational Health and safety in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic”, was launched.
At five webinars, ILO experts will present the latest research and policy recommendations for overcoming the covid-19 pandemic crisis while maintaining safe and healthy working conditions.
The course organizers recalled that the World Health Organization supports voluntary vaccination, and the International Labor Organization supports the recommendations of WHO.
During the event, the situation in Ukraine on the suspension of unvaccinated education workers from work without payment of wages and without material assistance, as compensation, was discussed.
Antonio Jose Robalo dos Santos, ILO specialist in occupational management, inspection and occupational safety in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, stressed that each country should be guided by Article 9 of the 1981 Convention on Occupational Safety and health and the industrial environment No. 155 when adopting regulations and imposing sanctions:
The implementation of regulatory legal acts related to occupational safety and health and the industrial environment is ensured by an adequate and appropriate inspection system.
The implementation system provides for the application of adequate sanctions for violations of regulatory legal acts.
Joy and danger nearby
The State Labor Office draws attention to the fact that the operation of high-risk facilities: attractions; pressure equipment, including for hot cooking, must be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer’s operating instructions and labor protection requirements.
Note that the legislation in the field of labor protection provides the entity with permits for high-risk work and operation of machinery, machinery, high-risk equipment. Compliance with the requirements specified in the permit is a guarantee of life and health of workers and residents of local communities.
Warning! The entity is responsible for the proper condition and safe operation of the facilities.
During the operation of high-risk facilities, the entity must implement measures aimed at reducing the risk of accidents, emergencies and emergencies, including the following:
– appointment of persons responsible for the safe operation of high-risk facilities in good condition, as well as repair and maintenance workers;
– training and testing of personnel on occupational safety, as well as on taking action in case of a possible emergency or emergency;
– development, approval and provision of employees with instructions on labor protection by professions, types of work;
– establishment and observance of the procedure for conducting expert inspections, periodic maintenance, repairs, technical inspections of high-risk facilities;
– ensuring control over the performance of responsible employees and service personnel;
– ensuring fire safety and electrical safety;
– maintenance of free territory, sufficient for entrances to the objects of emergency and rescue technical means.